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Embracing Educational Transformation: Challenges for teachers

maelys de rudder tanovic, in a black outfit with a colorful apron sitting in the Bloom School Sarajevo garden

Teachers are the backbone of our education system, playing a vital role in shaping the minds and futures of the next generation. However, the traditional "factory model" of education, which positions teachers as the central source of knowledge and authority, presents unique challenge that hinder the adoption of student-centred approaches.


In this article, we will delve into the challenges teachers face when transitioning from a teacher-centric to a student-led model of education. We will explore the concerns regarding professional roles, job security, and the need for specialized training and resources. Additionally, we will address the issue of recruiting and retaining quality teachers, particularly in high-demand subjects like science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). By understanding and addressing these challenges, we can empower teachers to embrace change and create a more effective and responsive education system.

Switching to a student led approach - main challenges 

A fundamental shift in the teacher's role: In the traditional "factory model" of education, teachers are viewed as the primary source of knowledge, while students are passive recipients of information. Transitioning to a more student-led approach requires a fundamental shift in the teacher's role. This shift can trigger uncertainties and fears about the undervaluation of their expertise and experience in a changing educational landscape. Teachers may worry that their years of training and dedication to the profession will be overlooked, adding to their resistance to change.

Lack of the necessary training and resources: Moreover, teachers may feel unprepared to implement new methods that prioritize student engagement and active learning. They may lack the necessary training and resources to effectively incorporate student-led strategies into their classrooms. Overcoming this resistance to change necessitates providing teachers with comprehensive support, ongoing training, and access to resources that empower them to embrace innovative teaching approaches. Involving teachers in the decision-making process and addressing their concerns is essential for a smooth and successful transition.

Recruiting and retaining quality teachers challenge

Competing with commercial companies: Recruiting and retaining quality teachers is another significant challenge faced by the education sector, particularly in specialized subjects like STEM. The allure of job opportunities and competitive salaries in other industries often draws potential educators away from the teaching profession. As a result, there is a shortage of qualified teachers, impacting the quality of education provided in these critical subject areas.

Enhancing  the attractiveness of teaching as a profession: To address this challenge, it is crucial to enhance the attractiveness of teaching as a profession. This can be achieved by: 

  • offering competitive compensation packages, 

  • providing opportunities for professional development and career advancement, and 

  • creating supportive working environments that value and recognize the contributions of teachers. 

  • Additionally, targeted recruitment efforts that focus on individuals with expertise in high-demand subjects can help fill the gaps and ensure a skilled and dedicated teaching workforce.


As we strive to create a more future-oriented education system, it is vital to acknowledge and address the challenges that teachers face. Embracing a student-centred approach requires a fundamental shift in the traditional "factory model" of education, one that empowers teachers to become facilitators of learning rather than mere conveyors of information.

By providing comprehensive support, ongoing training, and access to resources, we can enable teachers to confidently embrace innovative teaching methods that prioritize student engagement and active learning. Additionally, improving the perception and status of the teaching profession, along with competitive compensation packages, will attract and retain high-quality educators, ensuring the provision of quality education in all subject areas.

Ultimately, by empowering teachers and addressing their concerns, we can create an education system that prepares students for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century. Through collaboration and a shared commitment to educational excellence, we can shape a brighter future for generations to come.

In the next article we will discuss a final time the limitations of the Factory School model in order to understand where change must happen.

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